• keshav Gupta

MENTAL HEALTH AWARENESS

We all grow up listening to "HEALTH IS WEALTH." Being healthy is a state of complete physical, social and mental well-being. In our country a lot of people talk about being healthy but no focus or awareness is put on mental health. Though we all grow up listening to "HEALTHY MIND LIVES IN A HEALTHY BODY" too. To live healthy life one must have proper balanced diet, shelter and clothing.

What is Mental Health ?

World Health Organization defines mental health as " a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community." Mental health includes our well-being mentally, emotionally and socially. Mental health affects the way we think, act , feel and react. Good mental health helps us to fight with stress, relate to others and how to do everyday activities. Good mental health helps us to lead good and happy life.


Types of Mental Health Issues:

Bipolar Disorder | Anger | Self-Harm | Trauma | Psychosis | Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) | Anxiety and panic attacks | Depression | Borderline personality disorder (BPD) | Dissociation and dissociative disorders | Drugs - recreational drugs & alcohol | Eating problems | Hearing voices | Hoarding | Hypomania and mania | Loneliness | Paranoia | Mental health problems - introduction | Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) | Panic attacks | Phobias | Postnatal depression & perinatal mental health | Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) | Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) | Schizoaffective disorder | Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) | Self-Esteem | Sleep problems | Stress | Suicidal feelings | Tardive dyskinesia | Personality disorders | Schizophrenia

How we can have good mental health?

- Keeping a positive attitude towards life

- Staying physically active and exercising

- Helping people in need

- Getting enough sleep

- Eating a healthy and balanced diet

- Asking for professional help if you need it

- Socializing with people whom you enjoy spending time with



To make things a bit clearer, some experts have tried coming up with different terms to explain the difference between ‘mental health’ and ‘mental health conditions’. Phrases such as good mental health, positive mental health, mental well being, subjective well being and even happiness have been proposed by various people to emphasize that MENTAL HEALTH IS ABOUT WELLNESS RATHER THAN ILLNESS. While some say this has been helpful, others argue that using more words to describe the same thing just adds to the confusion.

"MENTAL HEALTH IS NOT ABOUT ILLNESS BUT WELLNESS"

As a result, others have tried to explain the difference by talking about a continuum where mental health is at one end of the spectrum – represented by feeling good and functioning well – while mental health conditions (or mental illness) are at the other – represented by symptoms that affect people’s thoughts, feelings or behaviour.


SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS

> Too much eating or sleeping or too little eating or sleeping

> Getting away from people and normal day activities

> Having low energy

> Feeling numb

> Having aches and pains in the body parts

> Feeling helpless

> Feeling hopeless

> Getting addicted to smoking, drinking and drugs

> Getting the feeling of confusion, forgetful, angry, upset, worried, or scared

> Fighting with family and friends

> Experiencing mood swings that can cause problems in your relationships

> Believing things that are not true

> Thinking of harming yourself

> Inability to perform daily activities like taking care of yourself, your kids or getting to work or school.


IMPORTANCE OF MENTAL HEALTH More than 450 million people suffer from mental disorder and illness.  According to WHO, by the year 2020, depression will become the second largest disease burden worldwide.  Global burden of mental health will be well beyond the treatment capacities of developed and developing countries. Mental Health is linked to behaviour of an individual and seen as fundamental to physical health and quality of life.


1. Physical health and mental health are closely related and it is proved that depression leads to heart and vascular diseases.

2. Mental disorders also affect persons health behaviour like eating sensibly, regular exercise, adequate sleep, engaging in safe sexual practices, alcohol use, increasing the risk of physical illness.

3. Mental ill health also leads to social problems like unemployment, broken families, poverty, and related crime.

4. Poor mental health plays a significant role in diminished immune functioning.

5. Medically ill patients with depression have worse outcome than those without.

6. Chronic illnesses like diabetes, cancer, heart disease increases the risk of depression.


Thus it's very important to take care of our mental health and spread awareness among youth to take steps to prevent mental health.


STEPS TO PREVENT MENTAL ILLNESS

There's no sure way to prevent mental illness. However, if you have a mental illness, taking steps or measures to control stress, to increase your resilience and to boost low self-esteem may help keep your symptoms under control. Follow these steps:

  • Pay attention to warning signs. Work with your doctor or therapist to learn what might trigger your symptoms. Make a plan so that you know what to do if symptoms return. Contact your doctor or therapist if you notice any changes in symptoms or how you feel. Consider involving family members or friends to watch for warning signs.

  • Get routine medical care. Don't neglect checkups or skip visits to your primary care provider, especially if you aren't feeling well. You may have a new health problem that needs to be treated, or you may be experiencing side effects of medication.

  • Get help when you need it. Mental health conditions can be harder to treat if you wait until symptoms get bad. Long-term maintenance treatment also may help prevent a relapse of symptoms.

  • Take good care of yourself. Sufficient sleep, healthy eating and regular physical activity are important. Try to maintain a regular schedule. Talk to your primary care provider if you have trouble sleeping or if you have questions about diet and physical activity.

WAYS TO TREAT MENTAL ILLNESS Treatment for mental health disorders is not one size that fits all and it does not offer a cure. Instead, the aim of treatment is to reduce symptoms, address causes, and make the condition manageable. Doctor mat tell combination of treatments because some people have better results with a multi-angle approach. Here are the most common mental health treatments:


Medications

The four main categories of medications used to treat mental health disorders are antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and antipsychotic medications. The type of medicine depends on the symptoms you experience and other health issues you are going through.


Psychotherapy

Talk therapy is an opportunity for you to talk with a mental health provider about your experiences, feelings, thoughts, and ideas. Therapists primarily act as a sounding board and neutral mediator, helping you learn coping techniques and strategies to manage symptoms.


Hospital and residential treatment

Some people may need brief periods of intensive treatment at hospitals or residential treatment facilities.


Lifestyle treatments and home remedies

Alternative treatments can be used in addition to mainstream treatments as a supplement. These steps won’t eliminate mental health issues alone, but they can be helpful.They include sticking to your treatment plan , avoiding alcohol and drugs and adopting a healthy lifestyle.


MENTAL HEALTH EXERCISE CAN PREVENT MENTAL ILLNESS

Physical exercise like Dancing, swimming, walking, and jogging boost cardio health and strength and are also great for your mind. Research shows they can help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, there are also “exercises” you can do for your brain. These include:

Striking a power pose. People who use “power pose” (aka hands on hips) may see a temporary drop in feelings of social anxiety.


Listening to relaxing music. According to a study people who listen to relaxing music recover faster after stress than people who relax but do not listen to music.


Practicing progressive muscle relaxation. This process involves tightening and then slowly relaxing various muscle. It may be combined with other techniques like listening to calming music.


Finding a yoga pose. Study shows that just two minutes of performing yoga poses can boost self-esteem and help increase bodily energy.


#MentalHealth #MentalIllness #Awareness #Anxiety #WHO #Disorders #Chronic #Stress #Health #Illness

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